THE HOSPITABLE KNIGHTS
The Order of the Hospital of San Juan from Jerusalem has its origins about the year 1070, when a goup ofitalia merchants construct a hospital in Jerusalem for the attencion to the pilgrims.
When grows the popularity of the templar, the Hospitable needs to change to warrior monks to be able to get the dominations thatwere receiving the Military Orders, thought they never left their welfare and charitable functions.
In 1306 they invaded the island of rhodes establisihing there their headquarters. Later they moved to the Islad of Malta, where they continued supporting the independence of thei state and passed to be known as "The knights of Malta".
THE KNIGHTS OF CALATRAVAS ORDER.
Military - religious order been founded on Castile, on the XIIth century, for the Abbot Don Raimundo de Fitero, with the initial aim to protect calatrava villa (near the current Ciudad Real). To the death of the Abbot, the new grand master, don García adopted the Cistercian rule and the Pope reorganized the same year the order. In the year 1.212, Calatrava order was one of the most powerful of castile. From 1.254 the monarch influenced the election of the grand masters and from 1.476 he took the direct control of the order.
Calatrava Cross, emblem of the Order is a greek cross of gules with fluer- de-lises in the tops.